Basic Tenses

How to Learn Basic Tenses

In this opportunity, we will share with you how to learn basic tenses. We know that learn basic tenses is important for us. Basic tenses will help us to make sentences. 

Basic Tenses

Tenses find an occasion in time, whereas aspects talk durations and relationships between occasions that occur at different times.

There are three main verb tenses in English: present, past, and future. The present, past and future tenses are divided into four aspects: the simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive. There are 12 major verb tenses that English learners should know.

The Past Tenses

Background details about occasions that occurred in the past also need to be described in the past simple tense. [1]

The past is used to explain things that have already occurred (e.g., earlier in the day, yesterday, final week, three years in the past). [2]

English uses three principal forms of the past, the Simple Past (or preterite), the Present Perfect (or compound past), and the Past perfect, sometimes called the Pluperfect. There is also a special tense called the future perfect. [1]

The past simple must be used to explain accomplished actions and events, together with steps within the analysis course of and historic background information. [1]

The Present Tenses

When summarizing the research in your abstract, describing your objectives, or giving an overview of the dissertation structure in your introduction, the present simple is the best choice of tense. [1]

Use the present simple to explain your primary focus's occasions or actions; other tenses can be used to mark different times within the text itself. [1]

The present tense is a verb tense used to describe a current activity or state of being. However, somewhat unusually, the present tense can also be used to describe past and future activities. [1]

The Future Tenses

Future tense definition: The future tense expresses actions that have not yet occurred or that will occur at a later time. The future tense is a verb tense used for a future activity or a future state of being.

The future tense describes things which have yet to occur (e.g., later, tomorrow, subsequent week, subsequent yr, three years from now). This verb tense is about planning things to do in the future. [2]


All 12 Verb Tenses In English – Past, Present, And Future Verbs

The table below provides an outline of a few of the basic features of tenses and aspects. Let's see this 12 tense aspect system of the verb [1]

12 Tenses


"Simple tense" is a category of verb tense. It covers the simple past tense, the simple present tense, and the simple future tense.

What is simple tense and example?
It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements. The simple present tense is simple to form. Just use the base form of the verb: (I take, you take, we take, they take) The 3rd person singular takes an -s at the end. ( he takes, she takes)


The continuous tense shows an action that is, was or will be in progress at a certain time. The continuous tense is formed with the verb 'be' + -ing form of the verb.


This time, the tenses are ordered under the headings past tense, present tense, and future tense. The perfect (or complete) tenses are shaded in yellow.

The present perfect is used mainly to describe past research that took place over an unspecified time period. [1]

Perfect Continuous

The present perfect continuous tense (also known as the present perfect progressive tense) shows that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time. The present perfect continuous is formed using the construction has/have been + the present participle (root + -ing).


Examples of Tenses

The Past Tenses

I jumped in the lake. (This is a past activity.) I was happy.

The Present Tenses

I swim in the sea every Saturday.

The Future Tenses

I will have read a minimum of 500 books by the tip of the year. [2]





  1. (2021, May 18). Retrieved from " ".
  2. (2021, May 18). Retrieved from " ".